Data Visualization Using Python
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Introduction

Business intelligence tools (zero-coding user-friendly tools) make data visualization easy. For this reason, one can easily become an expert for the software as you do not require any basic programming language knowledge.

There are many free open sources available, as well as many paid tools that give you free trial days for trying out the software. However, they have limited functionality and cannot meet one’s individual needs.

Demerits

Although business intelligence tools make data visualization easy, they have certain demerits which include:

  • Their paid version is very costly for an individual to buy.
  • Also, the tools are not very reliable for big data.

So, when you are facing the demerits as mentioned above of the Power BI tools, we can go for other options like data visualization using R or Python.

Data analysis uses R and Python programming tools. However, the difference is that the field of data analysis uses R exclusively, and Python has numerous applications; one of them is the data science field. Beyond that, R still maintains an advantage in the field of statistics. The development of Python in data analysis has modeled some of the features of R in many places. Also, both R and Python are very much similar in many places.

Visualizing Data Using Python

First, let us give you a brief about Python and why learning and using Python is in trend:

  • Python is free and open-source.
  • It is user-friendly and easy to learn.
  • It has vast libraries and frameworks.
  • Python is used in the development phase.
  • The Data Science field uses Python for:
    • Data scraping.
    • Data manipulation.
    • Machine learning.
    • Big data.

There are different Python IDEs and Code Editors:

  1. PyCharm
  2. Spyder
  3. Pydev
  4. Idle
  5. Wing
  6. Eric Python
  7. Rodeo
  8. Thonny

To summarize, we prefer Pycharm as it supports both single and multi-file projects with great ease. Here you can use the standard implemented library of Python. It easily supports virtual environments and a whole range of optional code verifiers, including Python enhancement proposal (PEP8).

Python enhancement proposal (PEP8) is a proposal with a set of rules for how to format your Python code to maximum readability.

You can download Pycharm from the link given below:

https://www.jetbrains.com/pycharm/download/#section=windows

Let’s begin learning for data visualization using Python.

Top Libraries Used for Data Science

  1. NumPy:
    • Numpy is a strong Python library used for scientific computing.
    • TensorFlow and several other machines learning Python libraries make use of NumPy.
  2. Pandas:
    • Pandas provide an easy way to create, manipulate, and wrangle the data.
    • Time-series data solutions make use of pandas.
  3. Matplotlib:
    • It is a two-dimensional plotting library for the Python programming language.
    • It works great with several graphic backends and operating systems.
  4. SciPy:
    • SciPy is used for integration, linear algebra, optimization, and statistics.
    • Numpy array is the basic data structure of SciPy.
  5. SciKit-Learn:
    • It is used for logistics regression and nearest neighbors.
    • There is more feature to implement data mining and machine learning algorithms, like classification, clustering, model selection, reducing dimensionality, and regression.
  6. TensorFlow:
    • It is used for training and designing deep learning models.
    • TensorFlow simplifies the process of visualizing each part of the graph.
  7. Keras:
    • It is used for models of a neural network, includes convolutional, embedding, fully connected, pooling, and recurrent models.
  8. Seaborn:
    • Seaborn is a library used for data visualization, making statistical graphics in Python.
  9. NLTK:
    • Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK) is used for accomplishing symbolic and statistical natural language processing.
  10. Gensim:
    • Unsupervised learning handles large text collections using Gensim.

Likewise, all the libraries mentioned above are the most important Python libraries. Therefore, the data science field of machine learning, big data, as well as data analytics and visualization, are done using python.

Data Visualization

Above all, Python offers various graphing libraries. As well as it has different visualization functions, in addition to its characteristic features. Last, with this quick description of Python in the data science field; thus, we are taking you to the very first graph using pandas, Matplotlib, and more libraries step by step:

Download the Iris dataset, and it is available online.

Link to download: https://www.kaggle.com/arshid/iris-flower-dataset
##First, we’ll import pandas, a data processing and CSV file I/O library
import pandas as pd
##Now import seaborn, a Python graphing library
import warnings 
##if any warnings generated that we’ll ignore
warnings.filterwarnings("ignore")

import seaborn as sns

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

sns.set(style="white", color_codes=True)
# Now, load the Iris flower dataset, which is in the “filepath/input/” directory
iris = pd.read_csv("filepath/input/Iris.csv")
#Now the Iris dataset is a Pandas DataFrame
iris.head()
## Press shift+enter to execute the program
# This shows how many examples we have of each species
iris[“Species”].value_counts()
[Output]:
Irisvirginica     50
Irissetosa        50
Name: Species, dtype: int64
## The very first way we can plot the graph using the .plot extension from Pandas data frames
# we’ll use this to make a scatterplot of the Iris data.
iris.plot(kind="scatter", x="SepalLengthCm", y="SepalWidthCm")

##Likewise, We can also plot a boxplot to look at an individual feature of iris data in Seaborn.
sns.boxplot(x="Species", y="PetalLengthCm", data=iris)
# Here is a technique that pandas have introduced and is known as Andrews Curves
## Andrews Curves available using attributes of samples as coefficients for Fourier series
# Now plotting these as shown below
from pandas.tools.plotting import andrews_curves

andrews_curves(iris.drop("Id", axis=1), "Species")

 

Thank you for the read. I hope that you have enjoyed the article. If you like it, please do share it on social platforms and with your friends. We will be happy to hear your feedback. If you have some questions, feel free to ask them in the comments section below.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here