The Role of a Business Analyst in Information Technology

In my previous blog, it was mentioned about how to become a good business analyst.

Likewise moving forward in the same series and this time it is about the importance of a business analyst in the completion of a project or software development.

Well, it is difficult to understand that how it is possible that a single profile is capable to work.

Many of the skills are required by a project manager, software engineer and a computer tester as well. Yes, this profile exists and well known as the “Business Analyst”.

The Question arises itself how it’s possible to perform all the task. I don’t understand wherever the collective description of a Business Analyst came from. However, all those issues I have that Business Analysts description may alarm folks out of a career in this field.

A Business Analyst is a bridge or connector between the business folks and, therefore the technical folks at a company.

The clients of the project are those whose business desires are catered to by a computer code company.

The technical team is trained to cater to a business would like and it’s the role of the Business Analyst. The business analyst is capturing the business desires.

it also perceives the pain areas of an organization to clarify it to the technical team.

The demand for Business Analysts is growing. It is also anticipated to grow to a minimum of professionals. I asked a variety of skilled Business Analysts to answer this question: What does one assume are the vital skill-sets each business analyst should possess?

I believe that any profile needs some skills to be developed and in the very same manner. The profile of a successful business analyst also contain some additional skills

  • A good observer and writer
  • Has the ability to analyze the things well and organize them with proper information
  • A good learner and a leadership quality according to requirements
  • Able to work independently or with a bunch of individuals depends on a set of requirements
  • Self-motivated and assertive, however, with a pleasing temperament

What degree does one get to be a thriving Business Analyst? The general public can assume that a Business or technology degree it should, however, that doesn’t appear to be the case.

I have met a lot of people who have degrees in various other streams like Arts, Social science, business and Technical of course.

The best part is that among all the other the best business analyst I have met is having the degree in sports I know it sounds crazy but this is actually the truth.

With employers that specialize in individuals with either or technical degrees. it’s attention-grabbing to me that a lot of the simple business analysts have the degree apart from Management, Business or technical.

A good Business Analyst wants important expertise within the domain to be effective. The general public typically doesn’t have a lot of expertise within the domains that they operate. However, Business Analyst might learn new domains quickly as a result, they’re all glorious listeners. Listening is perhaps the foremost necessary ability for this job.

Of course, expertise within the domain and within the method of developing code is sort of useful. The additional you perceive each the business and code development of your project, the additional thriving you may be as a Business Analyst. Let me make a case for with Associate in Nursing. Example of Associate in Nursing interpreter – the interpreter is aware of the way to interpret.

Whereas the interpreter is aware of all the words of the two languages. The interpreter might not perceive all the main points of what’s being aforesaid. However, the additional the interpreter understands the oral communication, the higher the interpretation is going to be. A similar holds true for a Business Analyst.

The Basic Duty Of a Business Analyst in a Software Project


  • Stakeholders analysis
  • Scope the system, Elicit project needs, particularly the business needs
  • Write the project demand in a clear, aphoristic manner.
  • Critical Thinking and decision making
  • planning and communications
  • manage the project needs
  • lead demand reviews
  • create and maintain analysis and domain models for the necessities.
  • Act as a someone client – works with the project styles and designers to create positive their design conforms to the project needs
  • work with check groups check that whether or not the check adequately covers all the necessities

What is the role Actually in Software Project?

Have you ever puzzled, however, a business analyst approaches a computer code project? Would you have an interest in the general phases of labor a business analyst completes? And what activities are enclosed in every phase?

Well, you’ll notice lots of answers out there concerning the one “right” thanks for doing business analysis. However, that’s never been the message here in this blog. Here, we all know and believe that there are several right ways that try to do business analysis and what’s right for one project, one neutral cluster, and one organization is also fully wrong for one more.

Great thinking, that creates sense, right?

Yet this doesn’t offer you abundant to travel on if you’re a new business Associate in Analysis on your first project. In other words, an aspiring business analyst setting out to investigate what you’ve done exploitation the filter of business analysis. So let’s penetrate this a trifle deeper and talk concerning. However,  a business analyst approaches a computer code project.

When determining my approach to a project, I break my exercise into 3 phases. Moving forward I notice to be significantly helpful buckets during which to have confidence business analysis.

Here they’re the 3 phases:

Initiate or start the project well.

Elaborate or explore the main points and Support the implementation.

In what follows, we’ll investigate every innovate additional detail.

once again we investigate samples of what techniques and specifications you’d produce in every section. After that outline what it means that to be finished every section.

Initiate or start the Software Project

Initiating the project involves the solution of the problem. Establishing enough concerning what the answer seems.

This is the time that we tend to gather the stakeholders associated with the project will start up the project. Make sure that we have all the knowledge that we would definitely move in the forward direction concerning the project.

If you’re operating in a new business domain this section would come with understanding. The key nomenclature, that is usually captured in a very wordbook or domain model, furthermore because of the organization’s current capabilities.

The deliverable from this section of labor is usually a Scope Document (or vision document or business needs document or scope of work). The requirement of the project is actually really helpful.

Once you’ve got the go-ahead to maneuver forward with the project, it’s time to elaborate the small print. Let’s quote this next.

In case if this business method is unknown, you may do some business method analysis as a part of initiating the project too.

I think it’s your mistake which always makes you a good learner.

It is my belief that only after that learning you have an expertise on something so initially as a business analyst.

Again I have made some big practical SRS documents which are necessarily covering up all the features but then I realize it consumes a lot of time and then I decided to go to Main feature Listing and use cases with wireframes as well (if required initially).

Likewise, by working in the same manner I found that I cut this document back considerably and saved countless time. I basically replaced the list of elaborated practical needs with a high-level list of options (a kind of short main features) and Moved forward.

Elaborate the Details of the Software Project

Elaborating the small print is admittedly the justification for the role of the analysis in business. And it’s most likely the piece that you just consider most after you suppose business analysis.

Typically this part involves operating with multiple stakeholders across the organization to make sure their information and desires area unit incorporated into the careful selections concerning what is going on and whether we are working on the same path or not.


In my expertise, that tends to be a little late in the game. When lots of neutral time and trust is absorbed into the project by then, to not imagine weeks or months of research time. Additional typically than not, the value estimates you’ll be able to get from a high-level options list area unit over up to support high-level scoping.

This is a part of the explanation I ended doing useful specifications up front, efficient my scope document model, and replaced the useful specification with a collection of use cases and wireframes. Betting on the project, you’ll want an information, specification or model also.

Regardless of but you choose to specify it, this half is complete once your stakeholders have signed off on what is going on
to be enforced and your developers have what they need to vogue and implement the code resolution.

In many organizations of late, this a vicinity of the project is approached in associate unvarying fashion. That means that the business analysis prepares the helpful specifications in phases, that unit approved by the business so designed and enforced by the code development team. Use cases and user story unit far more naturally suited to the present unvarying approach than one helpful specification.

Support the Implementation of the Software Project

Supporting implementation is all about working on a project by a business analyst especially when the last phase of the project is going on.

Likewise, This is wherever we have a tendency to get into analyzing the wants and make sure the implementation team has all of the small print they have to create or implement the answer.

Supporting implementation is once Ba’s are concerned through the tip of the life cycle. Business analyst never involves directly in any kind of implementation, But of course in support of that. however, they’re usually brought in if issues return up throughout implementation that causes some new necessities to be self-addressed.

This might involve facilitating a problem-solving meeting to get however a specific business want may be met given recently discovered technology constraints.

As soon as the implementation is done, the business analyst has to do a lot of stuff.

you would possibly be asked to help the business accept the solution that’s being implemented.

it’s going to embrace coaching job, user documentation, or user acceptance testing.

It’s turning into more and more common for the business analyst to still be concerned with the project through the stage. This part is complete once the software system is discharged to a production atmosphere. Therefore the business stakeholders are able to use it with success to try to their jobs.

Of course, throughout the method of implementing the answer, new desires and have also been discovered. Therefore the business analyst would possibly develop new comes to initiate and the cycle continues.

Find Your Approach

These phases area unit are helpful as a result of they provide you an easy framework to appear at what stage of research you’re in and judge what milestone you would like to maneuver your project team towards next. you’ll be able to begin analysis at any part.  Typically you’ll end up moving backward and forward or sport through the phases.

Moving Ahead, we have to take care of the few things. Why we focus a lot over here and what is the real concern that makes us rethink about the analysis of any project. I think there are a lot of things to be discussed. but first, let us jump on the initial phase of analysis or root of the analysis. What and how can we perform better that is the main question. So let discuss it further once again about the base of any project or in other words the roots of any project: The Analysis.

When doubtful concerning what step to require or what deliverable to make. likewise, what technique to use (no matter however intimate with you get as a BA, you’ve got these doubts), establish the part you’re in and verify what next step can move you nearest to finishing the part.

The Right path will provide the output

Hah! The job is not easy. I believe that any job is not easy but there are actually ways to make them easy. Now, what else will make you a perfect analyst..good question?

So if we are talking about the phase of the analysis are we going to declare that analysis is a tough job, maybe we are anyways that is not a concern to discuss but what is important is that even your hallucination have something sound depends on your path experiences.

Being a business analyst, it is always my duty to do the right hallucinations with perfect understanding. And I, am vowed for the same as well, but sometimes things not work well due to some contradictions.

As we have to always look for pros and cons for any profile in terms to start anything. So according to me the most basic and important things in the analysis is the initial understanding of the requirement by the clients. We will definitely discuss the stuff one by one.

To complete a successful delivery we have to work on various other strategies in other terms as well. Likewise, If you are dealing in some kind of large projects, your upfront strategy is to break them down into phases which later on help into the simple execution of the project and will provide the output in reality based on our initial hallucinations.

As According to the William E. Rothschild “What do you want to achieve or avoid? The answers to this question are objectives. How will you go about achieving your desired results? The answer to this you can call strategy”

Moving forward, business analysis are of 3 types

  1. Strategic
  2. Tactical
  3. Operational

Strategic Business Analysis

So, let’s talk about strategic business analysis.

What it really is for teaching business analysis looks at in a larger part of the organization. The organization like creating business problem statements identified what’s wrong with the way things work today more conversely they can look for opportunities which basically is a flip side of a problem.

opportunities and problems are kinds of flipped size of the two sides of a coin.

if you can look at it we need to solve business opportunities.

we need to take advantage of either approach. It will get you to where you can recognize that there are things in the organization that you have to change in order to enable these opportunities to be clear in order to be able to solve these problems.

The ultimate purpose of the history teaching business analysis is to create what we call a business case.

Business cases are kind of decision-making document. The business case ultimately talks about what should be changed in the organization.

what will be the benefits of the change but the cost of the changer it provides whoever has the authority to make a decision with the information they need to make an informed decision.

Tactical business Analyst

Now, let’s talk about practical business analysis. Remember tactical business analysis is where you have a project defined. Now you’ve to try to go and try to get the needy crazy details about what the project is going to do. what the application is going to do . what the people with I’m going to be doing with the application and things like that.

This is where you’re going to be talking to with. we heard of stakeholders and you need to figure out. Actually, who are all the people are going to be involved in the project and what do you need to ask them in order to get their requirements.

This is the core work that most people do who have the title business analysts.

One who actually starts with you is really looking at the project. Trying to assess the time money value per out perspective so that there is a balance of the resources. The money that’s invested and the values that the companies are going to be getting out of it your job now use to do hardcore analysis if you were thinking about the connection framework.

Operational Business Analyst

Let us talk about operational business analysis.This is where we’re getting down to the nitty-gritty details.

operational business analysis develops what I like to call solution requirements.

solution requirements are those functional and nonfunctional dimensions to the application that you need to have in order for the application to be complete the end result out of the operational business analysis.

functional requirements are really simple to implement. it’s the nonfunctional domain that more often than not causes projects harder.
every functional and nonfunctional requirement needs to be tested.

Some important points about operational business analysis are as follows.

  • To understand the fundamental problems with a qualitative approach.
  • Before making any change distinguish and analyze the things well.
  • Work more and more on solution requirement with good presentation
  • Adaptation of any new skill should be quick.

It is the responsibility of a business analyst to take out the best value from the operations. The use of a consistent evaluation of a project will significantly reduce the misunderstanding of the user requirement. The quality of a sound business analysis will always bring the solution to multiple components of a problem.


Business analysis is an area where you have to play the sheet anchor role.  With every other person with whom you are in touch, you have to maintain a relationship. Because this is the demand and the involvement is with almost every last person related to project.

In short, the conclusion is “it is a role which acts a bridge with every profile connected to it as well as play a crucial role. So, Keep connected with me so that I can keep on blogging and coming up with more such interactive and informative stuff!

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1 thought on “The Role of a Business Analyst in Information Technology”

  1. Hi!! Excellent article Saurabh! Do you have any info of online courses to get a certificacion or diploma on Information Technology Business Analysis? Thanks!!


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